Dinesh D’ Souza recently ‘debated’ religion with Christopher Hitchens.
I’m surprised at the vehemence of Hitchens’ atheism. I didn’t know he harbored these deep resentments. As he admitted in a recent interview, Hitchens calls himself an “anti-theist” rather than an “atheist.” Most atheists say that based on the evidence, they believe God does not exist. Hitchens’ position is somewhat different: he doesn’t want God to exist. He hates the idea of God’s existence because he thinks of God as a tyrant who supervises his moral life. Even the tyranny of Stalin or Kim Jong Il, Hitchens says, ends when you die. But this God, he wants obedience and praise and worship even in the afterlife! To Hitchens that’s a form of unceasing subservience and slavery.
In God Knows Why faith Is Thriving, Dineesh D’Souza addresses those who are obsessed with others who profess belief in God. Richard Dawkins, author of The God Delusion, refers to belief in God as a ‘virus of the mind’ and ‘deadly.’
In the secular account, “You are the descendant of a tiny cell of primordial protoplasm washed up on an empty beach 3 1/2 billion years ago. You are a mere grab bag of atomic particles, a conglomeration of genetic substance. You exist on a tiny planet in a minute solar system in an empty corner of a meaningless universe. You came from nothing and are going nowhere.”
In the Christian view, by contrast, “You are the special creation of a good and all-powerful God. You are the climax of His creation. Not only is your kind unique, but you are unique among your kind. Your Creator loves you so much and so intensely desires your companionship and affection that He gave the life of His only son that you might spend eternity with him.”
Now imagine two groups of people — let’s call them the Secular Tribe and the Religious Tribe — who subscribe to one of these two views. Which of the two is more likely to survive, prosper and multiply? The religious tribe is made up of people who have an animating sense of purpose. The secular tribe is made up of people who are not sure why they exist at all. The religious tribe is composed of individuals who view their every thought and action as consequential. The secular tribe is made up of matter that cannot explain why it is able to think at all.
Let’s examine the effects the idea of God has had on society- and conversely, let’s look at the effects of a society where God plays no meaningful role. D’Souza notes:
Across the globe, religious faith is thriving and religious people are having more children. By contrast, atheist conventions only draw a handful of embittered souls, and the atheist lifestyle seems to produce listless tribes that cannot even reproduce themselves.
Russia is one of the most atheist countries in the world, and there abortions outnumber live births 2 to 1. Russia’s birth rate has fallen so low that the nation is now losing 700,000 people a year. Japan, perhaps the most secular country in Asia, is also on a kind of population diet: its 130 million people are expected to drop to around 100 million in the next few decades. And then there is Europe. The most secular continent on the globe is decadent in the literal sense that its population is rapidly shrinking. Lacking the strong Christian identity that produced its greatness, atheist Europe seems to be a civilization on its way out. We have met Nietzsche’s “last man” and his name is Sven.
Secularists will argue and point to an unforgiving and oppressive God- exactly the kind of God that no longer exists in the Judeo-Christian ethic.
On the other hand, the Islamic fundamentalist violent, malevolent and oppressive ideologies and theologies are exactly the kind of religion to which secularists are so opposed. Nevertheless, in a display of shallowness and breathtaking hypocrisy, there is widespread and determined support for the political aspirations of these theo-thugs and there are few if any progressive secularists that will confront that reality).
Dr Sanity might well have been speaking of athiests and ‘anti theists’ when she wrote “Perfect” Totalitarianism, Imperfect Freedom And Biological Fantasies:
…biological fantasies of the leftist utopians; and the delusional fantasies of communists and socialists and all their 21st century heirs, have lead to incalculable levels of human suffering all over the world, as the proponents of these theories have tried to force humans to evolve into some sort of “ideal” state. All such systems have failed the real-world tests in the last century; and all current versions of these ideologies will also eventually fail and fade away. To the extent that they attempt to incorporate some aspects of “human nature” into their failing system, they may last a bit longer as they slowly chip away at the human spirit and work to extinguish it; but it is actually much more likely that human nature will transform the perverse ideology than that the reverse will happen.
How much human misery and oppressive injustice will it take before the social engineers of today’s neo-fascist left abandon their attempts to force human beings to adapt to their fantasies? When will their “moral awakening” occur? As SC&A noted once, ” Utopias cannot be created without imposing tyranny.
What D’souza and others do not say is that it is precisely because the Judeo-Christian belief system is so unlike what the secularists believe, that religion is thriving. Despite Herculean efforts to instill a God-free Utopia, the effort to argue believers out of his or her faith has proved to be a resounding failure. As religion flourish, attract new adherents and welcome back those who have been away on an extended vacation from faith, those ever determined detractors have had to resort a legal system that accommodates their biases against religion. Our own cultural, societal and legal biases towards non belief are the result of the secularist notions. Freedom from religion is preferable to freedom of religion.
From Africa to the Amazon and from the Aboriginal people of Australia and New Zealand, it becomes clear that all man’s instinctive instinctive beliefs point to a deity, however we define that deity or spirituality. As time has shown, it is just as clear that in any discussion of faith vs non-belief, the vast majority of us have to be talked out of our belief in God.
In other words, belief is God appears to be a more natural state of affairs than non belief. Notwithstanding the inevitable (and shallow) arguments that belief in God is for weak people, and other such arguments, ad nauseum, the fact remains that while we may all argue over exactly what He/She/It is, the ‘numbers’ tell the story. It is reasonable to believe each of us is born with that inherent belief structure. There is a strong case that can be made for the ‘hard wiring’ of faith.
While we may struggle with faith, that does not mean that the struggle is of no value, any more than the struggles faced by cancer researchers or anyone else who seeks to elevate the human condition.
In their attempt to talk believers out of their faith (ironically, an apparent religious obsession for many), non believers will argue about injustice and inequity, about the dark side of religion and a thousand and one other such notions (as if secularism has provided anything other than an even greater amount of darkness). They want to engage believers, in an attempt to shake the faith of believers. There is the decidedly illusory notion that secularists feel that they are on even standing when discussing faith. They are not. In fact, a secularist arguing against faith is like a botanist insisting to a zoologist that their fields of study are the same.
There is no point in arguing, no point in defending belief in God. It may make us feel good, as if we are assuming the role a hero, but in truth, as noble an endeavor as defending faith may be, in the end, it is like trying to describe a painting to a blind person- or, as the Chinese say, “A frog in a well cannot be talked to about the ocean.”
Some people will be forever comfortable in their wells. They are safe in the well and they retain control in their well. It is for them best to argue and debate the size and shape of the walls that contain them.
Believers look into the skies at night, and they know. Believers see a sunrise or sunset, and they know. Believers know that they don’t know everything or have the answers to all the questions. Believers also know that it doesn’t matter.
When a believer hears the ocean, he or she hears the same sound that God heard at creation. Whether it is that rhythmic soft sound, as water laps the shore or the mighty roar of the waves crashing in on each others, the believer understands he or she is hearing the sounds of the Creation event. Believers are instinctively drawn to those sounds, to reflect and ponder a mighty greatness. Whether it is the ocean, mountains or any other manifestation of nature, believers listen- and know.
The non believer engages the believer precisely because he knows that his questions can never be answered.
The non believer is safe that way- he never has to worry about having to defend his position- it isn’t as if God is likely to announce himself and put to rest the inquisition of the non believer. In his own mind, the non believer is safe from being held accountable or responsible- not so much from his actions, but rather, his inactions.
To the non believer, life has no special purpose or meaning other than that of self serving needs or desires. There is no sense of obligation- non believers does not understand that his or her life is another necessary chapter to the Creation story, a chapter and legacy that can reach and influence those that come long after they are gone. Believers cannot nor need not explain that mystery.
Non-believers and secularists talk about ‘caring’ and ‘human rights’ in one breath and speak and applaud Peter Singer’s acceptable infanticide and euthanasia with another. The hypocrisy is a stunning display of hubris and denial.
The Anchoress noted what differentiates real religious expression from what atheists deceitfully point to as ‘religious expression.’ There is real faith and then there is the faith that is usurped by men with agendas. It is no coincidence that the expressions of faith that atheists and anti theists point to are expressions of faith that have been undermined by those whose real agenda id anything but Godly:
…the reason we Christians do not feel the need to resort to rage and violence is because we understand that God can pretty much take care of Himself - “Vengeance is mine,” says He. So, we can correct and admonish our brothers and sisters lovingly and trust that He will deal justly with them. In this way, we may live in peace. Or, we try to..
…But listen, the Muslims quoted above have said this “Day of Rage” is not “Jihad.” They’ve said they need the world to see that they are “aggrieved,” again. So good, say I; do it. Have your day of rage. Let the world see how very, very angry you are. But when you’re done raging on Friday and it comes to Saturday…then what? Then will you be ready to sit down and talk about your faith and your grievances, like adults? Finally? Will that be the point at which you can settle down and talk to the rest of humanity like human beings, in the same respectful tones you say you seek?
What do you think will happen after your “Day of Rage?” Do you think the world will offer you Benedict XVI, so you can slaughter him and dance in his blood? That’s not going to happen. So, you need to plan on how you’re going to deal with the world the next day. Because you can’t keep on raging. That simply won’t do. It’s getting more than a little tiresome.
The Anchoress might just have well been speaking of the theist and secular communities- and that explains the Leftist alliance and sympathy with some of the most dysfunctional and brutal regimes in the world. They too, see themselves as above and beyond reproach and questioning and they too, do not believe they ought to be subject to the same moral and ethical standards as everyone else. It is ironic that to an atheist, truth, honesty and decency are at times, optional. What applies to others does not necessarily apply to themselves. They believe that if they rail against religion so that their agendas might see the light of day, perhaps that very decency itself will be up on the altar for slaughter. Just like those who would sacrifice the forward movement of civilization and the future of millions, so as to promote their own failed agendas.
The problem, as far as the atheists and ‘anti-theists’ are concerned, is that believers just wont go away. Like the radical Isamists, the atheists and ‘anti-theists’ cannot admit they represent and are monuments to failure. Those who do not share their ideologies aren’t just adversaries- we are the mirrors in which they hate to look. Believers represent the free will of people and choices made by people, everywhere.
In the end of course, we must allow for God to do His work and we must focus on our own. We must do what we can to be better. We must focus on our relationships with our fellow man. We must bring them close and when need be, push them away. We must focus on the balance that effects and defines us and our potential to do goos and elevate our own existence and that of the world around us.
There are days believers feel lost and alone. There are days that believers are angry- so angry that they will curse God. Even at that point, they still have to talked out of belief in God.
Those days, are part of the landscape of the spiritual journey we all take. Believers have weathered them before and will face them again. Every believer confronts those kind of days (see The Anchoress, here) and as bitter and weighty as those travails get, believers would not, in the end, trade those burdens for a moment of non belief.
In the course of time and long after we are gone, others will withstand and suffer the same agonies.
There are days that all believers struggle with belief, injustice and evil. ‘Oh Lord, why hast Thou abandoned me,’ is universally understood- and felt. Those days require faith, not lack of faith.
Non believers would argue that belief in God is a kind of crutch- and it is in that argument that we can see that they do not understand the meaning of ‘faith in God.’ In fact, real faith is assuming a burden, obligations that would otherwise be ignored. The Jewish notion is particularly illustrative- it is one of assuming ‘the yoke of Heaven.’
With real faith there is no respite from those obligations. In fact, the obligations and ‘ascent’ are unrelenting. There is a never ending field that must be plowed so that who follow the believer will find spiritual nourishment and meaning. There are no vacations from the obligations believers assume.
Those believers who struggle with those beliefs at one time or another, are the real people of faith. To struggle with faith is as much a part of faith as anything else. We wrote in Mundane Sanctity that
In our humaness, we are clothed with finite attire- we cannot divine the mind of God. When we demand absolutely certain truth, we are attempting to play God. We may believe that there are absolute truths, but in fact, we are bound by our understanding at the moment. Scientific truths alter as our understanding alters.
If we presume we can understand the ‘absolute truth’ about God, we are destined to fail in our desire to know God and to accept God as God. The ‘absolute truth’ about God changes as we come to understand ourselves, our world and even others.
That ‘absolute truth’ can never be corralled or understood because only God is ‘absolute.’ As humans, we are the opposite of absolute. We can be ‘good’ and ‘bad,’ we can be ‘more’ or ‘less.’ For us to exist as God’s creations, we must know joy and we must know suffering. We need to succeed and we also need to fail. We are meant to be less than perfect, because it is through our imperfections that we find ourselves and our potential.
God treasures our spiritual achievements. He treasures our failures along the way even more, because in facing and overcoming our failures, we have shown that we are indeed worthy of the humanity He bestowed upon us. We are not meant to become perfect in our struggle and search for meaning and faith- we are meant to overcome the limitations, imperfections and obstacles along the way.
Relating to God is about relating to that most human side of ourselves.
The Lonely Man of Faith (please read the link to Crosscurrents), by JB Soloveitchik is one of the most moving and profound essays on faith we have ever read. He discusses both the ‘Majestic Man’ and the ‘Man of Faith’- and how both are ‘fulfilling the word of God.’ The impact of Soloveitchik’s words still resonate deeply. The following is from an essay on that book:
Still, both worlds, Soloveitchik says, are willed by God. It is therefore our destiny and more importantly, our responsibility to recognize our loneliness, to recognize the distance between the two worlds. Only when we recognize our inability to create and secure our own home can we recognize and proclaim faith in God’s unique redeeming power. The real crisis then is not our loneliness but our failure to recognize it.
The truth is that there is no one truth (that is, there is no single spiritual journey (”The loneliness of the man of faith is an integral part of his destiny from which he can never be completely liberated “), anymore than there is one kind of love. That should not preclude anyone from seeking God. It is also true that God manifests himself in ways and in the language that we understand- each of us.
There are many sunken treasure ships that litter the ocean floors, that have never been located. Not finding a sunken Spanish galleon laden with gold, doesn’t mean that ship doesn’t exist.
The treasure of faith is to be found in good men of all faiths. If the path or the sound of the ocean is clear and unmuffled, follow it. If it isn’t seek out the path, over a lifetime, if necessary. Not finding the path does not mean that path doesn’t exist, either.